Special groups of low order

Special groups of low order

Arun Ram
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
University of Melbourne
Parkville, VIC 3010 Australia

Last updates: 10 December 2010

Special groups of low order

In this chapter we shall give tables which give explicit information about several interesting examples of groups which have order less than 100. For the most part we shall not prove the results given in these tables. We stronly suggest that, in each individual case, the reader do the appropriate computations to check the information in these tables, for it is exactly in the computations in examples such as these that the subject of group theory "comes alive".

Let us begin with a list of the diffeent groups of order 15. The reader should think that about extending this table to include all groups of order, say, 100. The beautiful book [CM] may be very helpful for such a project.

Note also that the finite abelian groups are completely determined by the Fundamental Theorem of Abeleian groups, Theorem [Insert Reference].

In the following table: Q denotes the quaternion group.
Ck denotes the cyclic group of order k.
Dk denotes the dihedral group of order 2k.
Sk denotes the symmetric group on k letters.
Ak denotes the alternating group on k letters.

Group Order Abelian
1 1 Yes
C2 2 Yes
C3 3 Yes
C4 4 Yes
C2×C2 4 Yes
C5 5 Yes
C6C2×C3 6 Yes
S3D3 6 No
C7 7 Yes
C8 8 Yes
C2×C4 8 Yes
C2×C2× C2 8 Yes
D4 8 No
Q 8 No
C9 9 Yes
C3×C3 9 Yes
C10 C2×C5 10 Yes
D5 10 No
C12 C3×C4 12 Yes
C2×C2 ×C3 12 Yes
D6 C2×D3 12 Yes
A4 12 No
S,T S3=T2= ST2 12 No
C13 13 Yes
C14 C2×C7 14 Yes
D7 14 Yes
C15 C3×C5 15 Yes


[CM] H. S. M. Coxeter and W. O. J. Moser, Generators and relations for discrete groups, Fourth edition. Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete [Results in Mathematics and Related Areas], 14. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-New York, 1980. MR0562913 (81a:20001)

[GW1] F. Goodman and H. Wenzl, The Temperly-Lieb algebra at roots of unity, Pacific J. Math. 161 (1993), 307-334. MR1242201 (95c:16020)

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